The Australian National University
Australian Institute of Physics 16th Biennial Congress 2005
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Physics in Industry Forum

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Events Programme

Manning Clark 1 (MC1), ANU

In keeping with the Congress theme Physics for the Nation, the Physics in Industry Forum aims to highlight the application of Physics in the economy. In consultation with industry, a range of Physics contributions with commercial outcomes will be presented, with discussion on enhancing commercialization prospects.


Registration and morning tea


Opening and Welcome


Chair:Mark Ridgway


Richard Garrett—“Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation and the Australian Synchrotron—a 10 Minute Primer”


Liz Towns-Andrews—“Industrial Applications of the Daresbury Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS)”


Gerry Roe—“The Australian Synchrotron— Industry Engagement through the Physics Community”


Chris Davies—“Synchrotron Radiation Investigation of Twinning in Extruded Magnesium Alloy AZ31”




Chair:John Love


Grant Griffiths—“What is Industrial Physics in the 21st Century?”


Tony Farmer—“Sub-Surface Radar—From Coal to SiroPulse II”


Tony Lindsay—“Self-Organising UAV Formations—DSTO R&D”


Afternoon tea


Chair:David Thorncraft


Martin Elias—“Manufacturing Photonic Components”


Bluescope Steel—Bryan Scott—“From Innovation to Application—a Case Study in Iron Making”


Davies Collison Cave—“Patents and The Real World”


Welcome Reception

1030–1115 hrs Liz Towns-Andrews

CCLRC—Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, Cheshire, UK,

Industrial Applications of the Daresbury Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS)

The SRS provides state-of-the-art analytical techniques from infrared to hard X-ray wavelengths. The characteristics of synchrotron radiation are ideal for analytical problems that require high spatial or temporal resolution or problems that are simply intractable using conventional instruments. An increasing number of large scale facilities exist worldwide, but are traditionally used by universities and higher education institutions for pure R&D. In recognition of the needs of commercial customers, Daresbury Laboratory has established DARTS (Daresbury Analytical Research and Technology Service). DARTS offers unique services tailored to the needs of the customer, allowing access to synchrotron analytical facilities and also the significant expertise and knowledge of staff on site. The analytical portfolio offered by DARTS encompasses imaging, spectroscopic and structural characterisation techniques. The nature of problems and issues solved by DARTS is varied and includes: investigations of product failure and non-conformance, manufacturing issues, basic R&D and information used in expert witness cases. This presentation will outline the concept of DARTS and the approach taken at the SRS towards industrial customers. It will provide practical examples and case histories of how an analytical service such as DARTS can help to improve industrial processes in a range of business sectors.

1115–1145 hrs Gerard Roe

Australian Synchrotron Project Department of Innovation, Industry and Regional Development (Victoria), Melbourne VIC

The Australian Synchrotron— Industry Engagement through the Physics Community

The Australian Synchrotron will be a national facility that will provide world class capability to a broad cross-section of Australian scientists and technologists, including the physics community. A synchrotron light source provides the capability to access and manipulate a major part of the electromagnetic spectrum, enabling new research, development and innovation. The Australian Synchrotron Project is committed to driving processes that enable industry users to generate valuable outcomes by engagement with the facility.

Congress Handbook and Abstracts

Events Programme

The central feature of a synchrotron is an electron storage ring that produces electromagnetic radiation (light) that is many orders of magnitude more intense than from conventional laboratory sources. The light is directed down beamlines to endstations where samples are analysed. The Australian Synchrotron will have capacity for as many as 35 beamlines operating simultaneously and independently. Available measurements will include X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, X-ray imaging electron emission and infrared spectroscopy. These techniques can be used to characterise composition and structure, from the atomic level through to the macroscopic, and so a synchrotron provides tools to elucidate relationships between structure, composition, properties and function of samples.

In order for the physics community to deliver value to industry, there must be engagement between the public and private sectors. Communication must be encouraged, and the types of opportunities discussed must be proactively pursued. The Australian Synchrotron will provide a unique forum where scientists and technologists from across sectors and disciplines will interact, and industry programmes will be driven forward. The physics community is a key stakeholder group, and physicists will play crucial roles in the development of this national collaborative research infrastructure.

1145–1215 hrs Chris Davies

C.H.J.Davies*‡, S. Yi§‡, J. Bohlen, K.U. Kainer, H.-G. Brockmeier§‡.

*School of Physics and Materials Engineering, MonashUniversity, Victoria, Australia; § Institut für Werkstoffkunde und Werkstofftechnik, der Technischen Universität Clausthal, Germany; ‡GKSS-Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht, Germany.

Synchrotron Radiation Investigation of Twinning in Extruded Magnesium Alloy AZ31

If predictions are to be believed, the use of wrought magnesium is set to increase dramatically over the next five to ten years as auto manufacturers and others seek to lightweight components. However, this increased use will rely in part on improved understanding of the deformation of these metals. Many alloys with a hexagonal close packed crystal structure show a marked anisotropy of yield when comparing compression with tension, and while the cause of this anisotropy is known in a qualitative sense, the effect has yet to be adequately quantified. The importance of this can be illustrated by imagining a car component made from magnesium. In an impact the component will typically have a tensile and a compression face, and in magnesium—unlike aluminium and steel—differential yielding will occur, with the compressive face yielding first and a consequent shift in the neutral axis of the component. Car designers must be able to model such behaviour if magnesium is to be used in large volumes in automotive applications.

AZ31 is a commercially available magnesium extrusion alloy containing 3 wt% aluminium, 1 wt% zinc and

0.3 wt% manganese. The initial texture of the bar is one in which the hexagonal unit cell c axes are principally normal to the extrusion direction, but with a slight spread in the extrusion direction, coupled with a component with a significant spread towards the transverse direction. Using synchrotron radiation with an energy of 70 keV, and wavelength 0.196Å, in situ room temperature tension and compression tests were conducted at HASYLab in Hamburg. The results of these experiments are presented for each orientation, and the implications for the anisotropy of yield in textured magnesium alloys is discussed.

1330–1400 hrs Grant Griffiths

Assistant Chief, CSIRO Industrial Physics, Lindfield NSW,

What is Industrial Physics in the 21st Century?

Grant will highlight some of the significant changes that have taken place in CSIRO in the last two years and the new directions for the Industrial Physics division. He will explore some of the exciting physics-based research and current innovation in the organisation and look forward to how this work will have its impact on industry.

1400–1430 hrs Tony Farmer

CSIRO Industrial Physics, Lindfield NSW,

Sub-Surface Radar—from Coal to SiroPulse II

The techniques of Sub-Surface Radar, SSR, (or Ground Probing Radar, GPR) have been applied to many practical problems since the middle of the 20th century and CSIRO Industrial Physics has been an active player in this field since the 1980's. Our research has covered a wide variety of potential application areas and this presentation will attempt to trace the path of technology development leading to commercial products. The range of research problems will be discussed along with some of the difficulties encountered in commercialising scientific research.

Congress Handbook and Abstracts

Events Programme

(cont.) The success of our current product in the market-place will be presented along with future prospects in a range of application spaces.

1430–1500 hrs Tony Lindsay

Electronic Warfare and Radar Division, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Edinburgh SA

Self-Organising UAV Formations— DSTO R&D

Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have found increasing utility in Defence and security applications. Technology advances that enable smaller and cheaper payloads (including sensors, processors and communications systems) are stimulating totally new concepts and opportunities. Investigating the trade-offs for utilising small, expendable formations of cooperating vehicles versus large, multifunction vehicles is an area rich in R&D challenges including payload design (eg miniaturisation and system-on-chip integration concepts), autonomous agent algorithms for “swarm” control, technologies for distrbuted data fusion and algorithms for network optimisation (scheduling strategies for space, time, frequency, . . . (n-dimensional) coverage).

This talk will describe the R&D being undertaken in the field of distributed UAVs for electronic warfare, and the role being played by Australian industry in turning the modelling and simulation into reality.

1600–1630 hrs Martin Elias

Technical Director, AOFR Pty Limited Canberra BC ACT Australia,

Manufacturing Photonic Components

The resurgence of the telecommunications industry is generating increasing demand for fibre optic network components. AOFR has been developing and manufacturing photonic components for 20 years using proprietary equipment designed for high volume, low cost production. The design of the products includes a number of features that ensure high reliability under harsh environmental conditions. Automated manufacturing equipment and processes enable close control of the optical characteristics of the products and flexibility in meeting a wide variety of specifications. The presentation will cover some key aspects of product and process design that enable the company to meet the evolving demands of the market.

1630–1700 hrs Bluescope Steel

Bryan Scott, Senior Development Engineer, Ironmaking Technology & Development, Bluescope Steel, Port Kembla

From Innovation to Application—a Case Study in Iron Making

There is no single clear path from research innovation to industrial application. Academia is at the forefront of discovering new knowledge, often outside the context of real-world problems and oblivious to potential applications. Industry is in the business of addressing and solving challenging real-world problems, but is often blind to potential solutions already existing in the academic world. Clearly stronger interaction between academia and industry would benefit both parties.

This presentation describes the evolution of an “innovation-to-application” pathway between the Australian National University and Bluescope Steel, in relation to the development of coherence imaging systems , a spin-off from basic plasma physics research, for high-temperature pyrometry within the heavy industry environment of an integrated steelworks. The role of industry in providing focused application (direction) for further development of academic innovation is discussed, together with the equally important and complementary requirement for academia to showcase innovation in a readily accessible and “industry-friendly” way.

1700–1730 hrs Leon Allen

Davies Collison Cave, Melbourne, VIC,

Patents and The Real World

A practical look at the monopoly conferred by patents focusing on the importance of the wording of patent claims and how they are interpreted by the courts. The factors that can determine the final form of claim wording and the consquences for the resulting protection will be examined through some case studies.

Congress Handbook and Abstracts